Materials Chart

/Materials Chart
Materials Chart2016-12-21T05:35:19+00:00

Side by Side Materials Chart Comparison

  PLA ABS Nylon
Scientific Designation Polylactic acid or polylactide Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene Aliphatic Polyamide Blend
Melting Temp 160-220˚C 215-250˚C 240-250˚C
Properties Strong
Slightly flexible
Advantages • No heated printbed needed
• Limited warping and shrinking
• No hazardous fumes and environmentally friendly
• Smells like maple syrup when heated
• Hard and soft variants
• Many colors available.
• Smooth finish
• Difficult to break
• Many colors available
• Chemical resistant.
• Inexpensive
• Wear resistant
• Can use dye to add color
• Self lubricating properties
• Self bonding properties
• Most grades do not emit fumes
• Can use weedwacker nylon cord
• Cooling fans not required
• Heated bed not necessary
Disadvantages • Brittle
• Slow cooling
• Hard to chemically disolve material (cleaning out nozzle)
• Low heat resistance, need to use a second cooling fan to cool the part while printing
• Unpleasant odor. Use in a well ventilated area
• Need heated printbed
• Suffers from warping
• Can be overcome with a heated bed or enclosure
• Can be stringy
• UV degredation issues
• Warping issues. Print on cardboard or Garolite LE to prevent warping.
• Need to dry nylon before printing if it has been exposed to humidity.
• Issues sticking to bed. Use fiberboard to print on.
Finishing Sanding possible
Paint with Acrylic
Limited glueing
Easy sanding
Easy glueing
Easily dissolvable in acetone
Able to paint
Best Uses Small Parts Mechanical Parts Best used for low friction parts.
 Price for Filament ~$44/kg ($20/lb) hard   ~$66/kg ($30/lb) soft  ~$44/kg ($20/lb) 275ft weed wacker trimmer line for $7.98
~$44/kg ($20/lb) (Taulman 618) or ~$66/kg ($30/lb) (Taulman 645)